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Foods to Avoid After the Age of 50: Part 1
As we age, we have to pay more attention to our health and limit ourselves to things that we have not thought about before. Today we list some of the most harmful foods that you want to avoid after the age of 50.
1. Canned soup
For busy workaholics, canned soup is an exceptionally convenient diet with a hint of health. But these jars contain a huge amount of salt, and the aging kidneys are not able to excrete sodium as effectively as in your youth. A high level of sodium in the blood contributes to edema as well as high blood pressure. In addition, it can also increase the risk of heart attack, osteoporosis & stroke. Therefore, the best soup after the age of 50 should be homemade, made from natural products with a minimum content of salt.
2. Hot dogs
Time to say goodbye to sausages, bacon, salami, pate and other processed meat products. In addition to sodium and saturated fats, they contain nitrates – a source of nitrosamines carcinogenic to the intestine.
Hot dog lovers are more likely to suffer from obesity, atherosclerosis, diabetes, coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and colorectal cancer.
All these diseases come with age, so why do we need additional risk?
To add an adequate amount of protein, consider some of the healthy alternatives like natural lean fish & poultry.
3. Barbecue and grilled chicken
Numerous studies confirm that eating fried foods is associated with pancreatic, intestinal and prostate cancers.
Although research continues, it is better to refrain from such products.
American doctors recommend limiting fried meat and poultry to one serving per week. Do not forget to pre-marinate the meat and cut off the crust.
4. Cookies and sweets
Each in its own way relieves stress after a working day, but sitting on the couch with cookies is not the best idea. Sugar has a devastating effect on the aging body, our arteries, the immune system, and even the intestinal microflora.
Glucose causes the pancreas to work at extreme levels, and the infamous glycation reaction of collagen accelerates the process of aging.
Scientists believe that glycation – the binding of glucose to fats, proteins and amino acids – is one of the mechanisms of aging. Glycation is associated with dementia, premature wrinkles and increased stiffness of the arteries.
Medicare Supplements:Supplements or Medicare supplement plans primarily pay for co-pay, deductible and other out of pocket expenses.
Causes of Postural Instability in Seniors
Postural instability occurs when a person becomes unstable when turning their body, at the beginning of any movement, when standing up and, while stopping. Postural instability in seniors occurs when the extrapyramidal system is affected for some reason. It is located in the brain stem and in the region of the hemispheres – under the cerebral cortex and derived from the lower vertebral structures. The main task of the extrapyramidal system is to regulate muscle tone so that a person stays steady in any position they take. It plays an important role when it comes to the posture as well as the movement of a person.
The main cause of damage to the extrapyramidal system is Parkinson’s disease. In this case, the neurons that make up the structure of this system begin to break down. When 60-80% of their total number gets eliminated, dopamine – a substance necessary for the proper functioning of the brain becomes insufficient. The basal ganglia begin to produce the excitatory mediator acetylcholine, and this activates the cerebral cortex. Normal commands that provide muscle tone and their willingness to move according to the will of consciousness are interrupted. This results in postural instability in seniors.
Impaired muscle tone during a change of posture or when moving is observed not only in Parkinson’s disease but it’s also a characteristic of all those diseases in which the nerve cells die. These are the diseases in which either the blood supply to the brain is disturbed, or the cells carrying the food to neurons die:
- dementia with Lewy-bodies;
- cortico-basal degeneration;
- brain tumors;
- Shay-Drager syndrome;
- atherosclerosis of arteries that carry blood to the substantia nigra and other extrapyramidal structures;
- hereditary calcification of the basal nuclei;
- spinocerebellar ataxia;
- poisoning with ethyl alcohol, manganese, lead, carbon disulfide, carbon monoxide;
- Wilson’s disease;
- taking drugs such as neuroleptics, dopamine antagonists, methyldopa, antidepressants that affect the metabolism of serotonin, valproic acid salt.
At times, symptoms may occur when taking tranquilizers, heart drugs, antifungal drugs, and those that, by blocking histamine receptors, reduce stomach acidity. How to identify the exact cause of postural instability? For this, you need to visit a neurologist. The specialist will put the primary diagnosis of “Parkinson’s disease” and suggest examinations that will allow you to find the cause of postural instability. About Medigap Coverage: Seniors over 65 years must consider Medicare advantage plans to cover costs excluded from Basic Medicare like copay.
Gout in Senior Citizens
Gout is caused due to the inflammation of the joints as a result of the deposition of uric acid crystals. The disease is common in men as compared to women. This is a congenital metabolic disorder that can occur with varying degrees of intensity. Gout is characterized by the development of monoarthritis, rarely marked asymmetrical inflammation of several joints. Causes of gout:
- There are 2 main reasons that provoke the accumulation of urates in the human body:
- The presence of genetic predisposition or pronounced endocrine disorders in patients who abuse alcohol or adhere to an unbalanced diet.
- Violations of metabolic processes or incorrect medication.
Note: Experts believe that the main reason for the development of gout is related to the excessive consumption of fatty foods, fast food as well as alcohol.
Classical gouty attack proceeds with inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe, less often inflammation develops in the ankle, knee, wrist joint. In the evening or at night there is a sharp intolerable pain in the joint, which is aggravated by the slightest movement. Pain almost does not respond to anti-inflammatory drugs. The skin over the joint becomes shiny, bright red, and later acquires cyanotic (cyanotic) color, moderate soft tissue swelling is also noted. The first attacks can last for several days, then their duration increases, sometimes up to several weeks.
In chronic gout, characteristic subcutaneous nodules, tophi, are formed around the joints. They can be opened with the release of cretaceous crystals – deposits of urates. It is recommended to drink plenty of liquids, including alkaline mineral waters.
Drug therapy for gout should be prescribed by a doctor. Probenecid, sulfinpyrazone, allopurinol are some of the most commonly used drugs for gout in seniors. In the first weeks after the start of therapy which is aimed at reducing the amount of uric acid in the blood, exacerbations may occur – in this case, the medication does not stop. Constant therapy not only prevents arthritic attacks but also prevents the development of uric acid stones.
Medigap for Over 65 Seniors: Older adults over 65 years can check Medicare supplement plans for covering costs excluded from Medicare.
Causes of an Odd Smell in Senior Citizens
People are not far from animals. We also give signals about our age and health status – with the help of our body odor. But for some reason, our sense of smell can clearly record only the presence of an elderly person. What we call “body odor” is actually the smell that the skin emits. This is directly related to the chemical composition of the secretions of the sebaceous and sweat glands. It changes throughout the different periods of our life.
Although we are not aware of this, the chemical formula of body odor allows us to transmit various biological and social information. So, there are encrypted signals that help choose a partner and show that a person is ready to continue the race. The ability of a person to distinguish age by smell may be an evolutionary skill. Scientists speculate that it is like an animal instinct. After all, they, when it is necessary to distinguish a young and strong partner from an old and sick individual, orient themselves to smell.
According to experts, the smell of an old person may be the result of the appearance of 2-nonenal molecules on the skin. It is such an unsaturated aldehyde that provides the smell of buckwheat porridge or aged beer. Nonenal-2 in humans is formed in the process of metabolism of omega-7-unsaturated fatty acids in the secretion of the sebaceous glands. Young and middle-aged people have almost none: fatty acids are formed as a result of other reactions. But after the age of 40, the skin in both men and women begins to produce more and more of these molecules, and its natural antioxidant protection gradually deteriorates.
Nonenal-2 is a fat-soluble substance, so it remains on the skin even after washing it with water. In addition, it quickly turns on the clothes from the body, and from there it becomes very difficult to wash. Medigap Program for Senior Citizens: Elderly who’s 65 & over must consider Medicare supplement plans that help pay for copay & coinsurance.
An Introduction to Urinary Incontinence in Older Adults Above the Age of 65
Urinary incontinence in seniors may be caused by physiological changes in the urinary system. The problem of incontinence most often appears after childbirth in women. But if after the birth of the child everything was normal, then you can expect the appearance of this symptom after the age of 50. In men, involuntary urination also appears by the age of 60-70. Most often this is due to prostate diseases, but it can also be caused by diseases of the nervous system. The risk of urinary incontinence is higher in older people who are often hospitalized. 7 out of 10 people in nursing homes have this problem. The factors provoking urinary incontinence in older adults include:
- Hard physical labor;
- Urinary tract diseases, mainly of infectious origin;
- Obesity which is of grade 2 or higher;
- Operations on reproductive organs;
- Tumors in the pelvic organs;
Diseases in which the nervous communication between the brain and/or the spinal cord (that is, the “center”) and the muscles of the perineum is disturbed. Examples include Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, stroke, multiple sclerosis, myelitis, complicated intervertebral hernia, etc.
Symptoms: Urinary Incontinence in Senior Citizens
The urge to go to the toilet, after which part of the urine still leaks;
- Unusual urge to urinate;
- When laughing, sneezing, lifting weights, coughing – the feeling of a “shot” from the urethra;
- Leakage of urine during severe stress;
Getting wet underwear without an urge to go to the toilet.If an elderly person suffers from dementia, then urinary incontinence can be understood by the wet underwear and the specific unpleasant smell from it. In this case, you can try some of the below remedies: Buy gaskets, which are used to determine the leakage of amniotic fluid and increase the intake of alkaline foods in the diet. Some of the most common examples of these include pumpkin, asparagus, green beans, vegetable juices, celery, pears, dates, raisins, as well as green tea. If the urine is really leaking, the gasket will change its color (typically it will turn blue in a majority of the cases).
Medigap Program for Seniors: Seniors who’re 65 & over could apply for Medicare supplement plans for covering copay and coinsurance.
Advantage plans: guaranteed issue periods and the right time?
Certain “guarantee” periods are assigned to advantage Medicare plans. This allows people to subscribe to a policy without any insurance being refused, regardless of their prerequisites or because they are more billed due to a health problem. The warranty release period is guaranteed by federal mandates through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid services, and is binding on all Medicare members falling into the category of one of these scenarios. As a general rule, guarantee issue rights arise when the current health insurance is modified in a certain way or the insurance is involuntarily given up. Some insurance firms may develop their guarantee issue rights, and they sometimes do.
However, all Medicare advantage insurance companies must in fact comply with seven IG situations defined by the federal government. The user or other person must be able to purchase a Medicare supplement policy on the basis of a guaranteed problem if you are in one of these plans. The 7 guarantee issue situations described by the federal government are as follows:
- • You are enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan or policy when you are eligible to sign up, and within one year of enrolling, you decide to return to Medicare Supplement’s original policy.
- • You have purchased a Medicare Advantage policy and this policy has stopped serving in your area, leave the Medicare program, or move away from the specific service area provided by the policy.
- • You have a union insurance or an employer who pays after Medicare does, and this insurance will soon end.
- • has a Medicare SELECT plan and leaves the service area provided by the plan. You can keep the current strategy, but you have the right to move to a new strategy based on a GI.
- • The Medicare Supplement company has failed and this leads to the loss of insurance or, by its fault, the insurance of the State Healthcare Supplement policy.
- • A health policy was left to go for the first time to a Medicare Advantage policy or a Medicare Advantage policy. The policy has been in effect for less than a year and would like to return to the Advantage policy.
- • You have made the decision to take out a Medicare Advantage policy or to abandon a Advantage policy because the provider has not complied with the rules or has not betrayed you in any way.
States also have the legal authority to create additional situations concerning GIs, and some States have done so. Certain specific geographical situations also include specific requirements for strategies that can be subscribed. For example, in the case of a complementary public health policy, it is possible to qualify for an MI; however, it could be one of the recognized policies. If you are in Medicare, it is helpful to be aware of these guaranteed problem situations. If you qualify for one of them and you choose not to purchase a policy for as long as this GI period is in effect, it is highly likely that if you decide to register later, you must obtain a medical certificate for a Medicare advantage comparison at http://www.medicareadvantageplans2020.org